Calligraphy as Nazarlik
Saul next said that calligraphy is another form of nazarlik.
Any of the traditional 99 names of God, quotations from the Koran or
Hadith in written form are used to ward off evil.
These may be found on such things as the spoons with calligraphy from Konya (pic. 93)
on a variety of bags or hangings, such as the small bag from Uzbekistan shown in pic. 94.
The bag in pic. 95 is Turkish, and has a pouch to hold sacred objects, whilst
the triangles are amulets and are filled with holy or sacred things..
The hanging in pic. 96 is also of ALLAH, and has a Russian print on its
back (pic. 97).
Another example with calligraphy was the beaded amulet shown in pic. 98.
This Turkish piece is both nationalistic and a nazarlik. It hangs
on the rear view mirror in one's auto.
Saul showed another calligraphy piece with a pentagonal shape (pic.99).
He also had a pair of small weavings with this same shape (pic. 100).
These pieces are from Turkey and made by Central Asian immigrants.
They have the same shape as the asmalyks that decorate the sides of
the bride's camels in a wedding procession. If these were a little larger
we might conjecture that they were intended to decorate the knees of
modest wedding camels.
An unusual Anatolian piece in the calligraphy group was the picture
frame shown in pic. 101. There is a crown above the space where the picture is to be placed and
some writing below it. The flowers are composed of opened silk cocoons (detail, pic. 102).
It is believed that calligraphy does not have to be visible to be
So many amulets contain a small piece of paper with something written
Next are some other small, beaded amulets that Saul showed (pic. 103).
These are 19th century Anatolian, and were probably used on a horse or
Picture 104 is of a Turkish woman's hair fall which is an array of beaded
tassels, but perhaps an important array to its owners since the tag says
The next pieces (pic.105) were two pairs of dowry mittens from the Konya
Mountains, and probably used as nazarlik during a wedding ceremony.
These mittens are made of the same angora material, using the same
technique employed to weave the Anatolian tulus, the shaggy
The piece in picture 106 is a kumus bag from S.E. Anatolia. Here the aspects of
concealment and fertility are paramount.
The last piece, shown in picture 107 is a "fly palace."
It is a farmer's nazarlik, hung in the home to bring prosperity and good
luck. It is made from seeds and is from Konya.